Boxelder bugs, often recognized by their distinctive black and red markings, can be a common nuisance for homeowners. These small insects are not harmful to humans but can invade homes in large numbers, causing inconvenience. In this article, we will explore natural methods to effectively get rid of boxelder bugs without resorting to harmful chemicals.

Understanding Boxelder Bugs

Boxelder bugs, scientifically known as Boisea trivittata, are primarily black with reddish-orange markings on their wings and bodies. They are about half an inch long and typically found near boxelder trees or other seed-bearing trees, where they feed on the tree’s seeds.

The Boxelder Bug Problem

Boxelder bugs are harmless to humans and pets, but they can become a problem when they invade your home. They enter houses seeking warmth and shelter during the cooler months, clustering in large numbers in wall crevices, windows, and attics. These infestations can be an eyesore and cause a significant inconvenience.

Natural Prevention Methods

1. Sealing Entry Points

The first step in preventing boxelder bugs from entering your home is to seal all potential entry points. Inspect your home for gaps and cracks in walls, doors, windows, and screens. Seal these openings with caulk or weather stripping to keep the bugs out.

2. Removing Boxelder Bug Habitats

Trim or remove boxelder trees and other seed-bearing trees near your home. Since these bugs feed on the seeds of these trees, eliminating their food source will discourage them from sticking around.

3. Regular Yard Maintenance

Regular yard maintenance can also help. Keep your yard free of debris and overgrown vegetation where boxelder bugs might hide. Cleaning up fallen leaves and plant debris can deter them from establishing colonies.

Natural Repellents

4. Diatomaceous Earth

Diatomaceous earth is an excellent natural solution to deter boxelder bugs. Sprinkle this powdery substance around your home’s perimeter, and when the bugs come into contact with it, it dehydrates them, effectively repelling them.

5. Neem Oil

Neem oil is another natural repellent. Mix neem oil with water and spray it on windows, doors, and other potential entry points. The pungent odor of neem oil is unpleasant for boxelder bugs and keeps them at bay.

6. Soap and Water Solution

A simple mixture of water and dish soap can be sprayed directly onto boxelder bugs. This solution clogs their breathing pores, suffocating them. Be sure to apply this directly to the bugs when you see them.

Beneficial Insects and Plants

7. Attracting Predatory Insects

Encourage natural predators like ladybugs, lacewings, and birds to your garden. These insects and birds feed on boxelder bugs and help control their populations.

8. Planting Bug-Repelling Herbs

Certain herbs like mint, basil, and coriander are known for repelling various pests, including boxelder bugs. Plant these herbs around your home to deter the bugs from getting too close.

Physical Removal

Sometimes, the most effective method for getting rid of boxelder bugs is simply to pick them up and place them outside. Use a vacuum cleaner with a hose attachment to remove bugs from walls and crevices and release them outdoors.


Dealing with boxelder bugs can be a nuisance, but it’s essential to use natural and environmentally friendly methods to address the problem. By following the strategies outlined in this article, you can effectively get rid of boxelder bugs without resorting to harmful chemicals.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  • Are boxelder bugs harmful to humans?
    • Boxelder bugs are not harmful to humans and do not bite or sting.
  • What is the best time to implement these prevention methods?
    • It’s best to start early in the year before boxelder bugs begin seeking shelter for the colder months.
  • Do natural repellents work as effectively as chemicals?
    • While natural repellents may require more persistence, they can be as effective as chemical treatments without the associated risks.
  • Can boxelder bugs cause damage to my home?
    • While they are not directly destructive, their excrement can stain walls, which may require cleaning.
  • How can I ensure that boxelder bugs don’t return in the following seasons?
    • Regular maintenance and preventive measures are key to keeping boxelder bugs at bay. Continue sealing entry points and maintaining your yard to discourage their return.

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